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                                                         History of the Philippine Military Academy

                    The Philippine Military Academy is not a sheer replica of the occidental academy, but rather an institution unique per se --- a product of centuries old in influence, a class apart. Thus, it is not a far possibility that there were earlier institutionsprior to the Officer’s School established in Intramuros which served as roots of the present day academy.
                    The modern history of PMA started in 1905 with the opening of the Philippine Constabulary School. The Officer’s School, as it was popularly called, was established in the Sta. Lucia Barracks inside the walled city, Intramuros on 17 February 1905. Consequently, the sane authority that established the Officer’s School moved it to Constabulary Hills, later named Camp Henry T. Allen in Baguio City on August 1908. this time known as the Constabulary School, it actually became operational on September  01, 1908 under Major James Quinn.
                     Initially the school offered a 6-month course but upon the passage of the Jones Bill, the newly organized Philippine Legislature decided to elevate the statusof the school. On February 14, 1916 the Philippine Law-Making body passed Act No. 2605 which introduced massive changes in the institution including the lengthening the training to a 9-month course. Likewise, for the first time in history the same legislation transformed the institution into an Academy and renamed it “ Academia para Officiales del Cuerpo de Policia de Filipinas “ or the Academy for the Officers of the Philippine Constabulary. And with thr signing of the Jones Bill into law, only Filipinos were admitted into the Academy in line with the strong Filipinization of the government. Subsequent effects of the Act. No. 2605, however, further lengthened the 9-month course into two years. Eventually the 2-year curriculum functioned as the transition period needed by the institution before the curriculum was set to three years.
                    On December 08, 1928, the Philippine Legislature passed the Act No. 3496 installing the name “ Philippine Constabulary Academy “ which became the official name of the Academy for seven years. Under the said Act which also served the as the “ Academy Charter “, the curriculum was upgraded to a 3-year course, becoming an institution with a collegiate standing. The rise of the Constabulary Academy to a full stature culminated in the passage of Commonwealth Act No. 1 or National Defense Act – the first law to be passed by the newly-created Philippine Commonwealth Congress on December 21, 1935. In signing the new law, President Manuel L. Quezon reaffirmed the need for a competent officer’s school and its importance in the building of a strong Philippines. The National Defense Act also called for the formation of the Philippine Army and in order to provide well-trained officers for the army, a provision was made for the establishment of the Philippine Military Academy and the extension of the course to a 4-year curriculum, giving the graduates for the first time, a Bachelor of Science degree.
                    In view of the projected increase in the strength of the Cadet Corps, the inadequacy of the old Henry T. Allen was seen. This compelled the transfer of the new Academy, though temporary, to a bigger location at the Teacher’s Camp in Forbes Park Reservation, Baguio City on May 05, 1936. Together with the many changes introduced into the Cadet Corps Army of the Philippines (CCAP) was the adoption of the United States Military Academy’s Honor Code and System. Another salient change was the Adoption of the Fourth Class System applied to the plebes undergoing training in the Academy.
                   The second world war disrupted the training in the Academy. As the country was engulfed in the flames of war, the Cadet Corps was deployed in Manila. On December 16,1941, the Cadet Corps consisting the PMA classes 1942, 1943, 1944, and 1945 was assembled at the University of Sto. Tomas. They were distinctively known as of being the only classes to fight while still cadets, even though they were not able to complete the required 4-year course and graduate in their destined time.
                   The Academy rose from the ashes. By June of 1959, the Academy building, called the Melchor Hall, named after Col. Alejandro Melchor, the first dean of the Academy, stood ready for occupancy. A 10-year development program made possible the completion of other buildings and establishments. Finally making itself at home in Fort Del Pilar, the Academy moved on to further establish its premier position in this part of the globe.
                  The year 1986 would forever be one of the most significant turning points in our nation’s history--- People Power. While the revolution was at its peak, the Cadet Corps was armed and ready, waiting for orders from Gen. Ramos and Minister Enrile to come down. Though young as they were, they had mature minds of themselves to think and act appropriately for the call of the event. They were ready to defend and uphold what was right and fight for justice’s sake. And as February Revolution swept President Corazon Aquino to power, a new era for the country unfolds. The members of the classes of 1986, 1987, 1988, and 1989 were awarded the Presidential Citation Badge given by the President for the acts of true Courage, Integrity, and Loyalty.
                  As  the country approaches the year 2000, PMA has responded to the new challenges of time and to the needs of a modern Armed Forces. As the AFP geared towards modernization, the Academy has implemented innovations in its curriculum as part of its mission to provide our Armed Forces competent officers. First to be implemented was the Tri-Service Curriculum which started in the Class of 1995. under this new curriculum, cadets will be able to choose their chosen branch of service, Air Force, Army or Navy, and to train under it as early as second class year. Then starting with the Class of 1997, cadets could now attain a degree of Bachelor of Science Major in Management, Engineering or Computer Science.
                 The Academy started accepting female cadets with the Class of 1997 in accordance with the “ Equal Opportunity Act “. The entry of female cadets was a major development that further fostered adjustments in the Academy. But as far as training is concerned, these female cadets have practically undergone the same training accorded to their male counterparts.
                 Through the years, the Academy has withstood the changes to attest to its dynamism. Constantly enduring are the traditions of Courage, Integrity, and Loyalty. Excellence remains to be an emphasis, all in the service of God, Country and People.






 Courage Integrity Loyalty


The Philippine Military Academy




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